Working Papers

The IGov research team are producing regular working papers on a wide range of issues relating to innovation and governance for the economy and energy system. We also expect to have contributions from other authors.

All working papers are peer reviewed.

  • Working Paper: Governing for Demand Management Innovations in Germany

    February 25, 2016

    Working Paper: Governing for Demand Management Innovations in Germany

    Governing for Demand Management Innovations in Germany: Politics, Policy and Practice Caroline Kuzemko EPG Working Paper: 1601 Abstract: This working paper analyses governance for demand management innovations in Germany, related energy system outcomes, and issues still outstanding. Demand management is understood in its broad sense here to include demand reduction, demand side response, and distributed energy, but it is also understood to be pivotal to an affordable and sustainable energy system transformation. The working paper is informed by the IGov theory of governing for sustainable energy innovations in that it governance is also understood in

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  • Working Paper: Innovation and energy industry codes in Great Britain

    December 14, 2015

    Working Paper: Innovation and energy industry codes in Great Britain

    Innovation and energy industry codes in Great Britain Matthew Lockwood, Catherine Mitchell, Richard Hoggett and Caroline Kuzemko EPG Working Paper: 1508 Abstract: This paper examines the role of industry codes in the governance of the energy system in Great Britain, focusing especially on how codes and code governance affect attempts to transform the system to a more sustainable future. We lay out the nature of codes and why they are important for achieving policy change. We then describe the way in which codes are governed, including reforms in the late 2000s and two more recent

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  • Working Paper: The Danish system of electricity policy-making and regulation

    June 1, 2015

    Working Paper: The Danish system of electricity policy-making and regulation

    The Danish system of electricity policy-making and regulation Matthew Lockwood EPG Working Paper: 1504 Abstract: Denmark is a global leader in transforming its energy system to a more sustainable model, with high levels of renewable electricity and heat, and high energy efficiency. Its transformation is not slowing; rather the country is now committed to a complete decarbonisation of its energy system by 2050. This paper examines the policy-making process and regulatory framework that has facilitated this system change, focusing in particular on electricity. It gives an overview of the main actors in the sector and

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  • Working Paper: Energy Governance, Suppliers and Demand Side Management

    May 19, 2015

    Working Paper: Energy Governance, Suppliers and Demand Side Management

    Energy Governance, Suppliers and Demand Side Management Caroline Kuzemko EPG Working Paper: 1503 Abstract: This paper examines the policies, regulations, rules and incentives governing gas and electricity suppliers in Great Britain (GB) from the perspective of how far these have served to facilitate or prevent a shift towards a more sustainable energy system. The precise context is the desirability of a fundamental shift in the underlying design of the energy system from the supply to the demand side. This paper focuses just on the governance of gas and electricity suppliers, defined as incumbents or independents,

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  • Working Paper: Public Value Energy Governance

    March 20, 2015

    Working Paper: Public Value Energy Governance

    Public Value Energy Governance: establishing an institutional framework which better fits a sustainable, secure and affordable energy system  By: Catherine Mitchell, Bridget Woodman, Caroline Kuzemko and Richard Hoggett, University of Exeter EPG Working Paper: 1502 Abstract: This short Discussion Paper is intended to stimulate discussion about how governance of the energy system in Britain can better keep up with technological, economic and social change. We have set out a possible model for future governance and regulation – which moves from the ‘independent, CEO led’ model currently in Britain to one which is more ‘directed’ and which we

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  • Working Paper: Mapping Policies for Improved Efficiency & Reductions in Final Demand

    February 17, 2015

    Working Paper: Mapping Policies for Improved Efficiency & Reductions in Final Demand

    Mapping Policies for Improved Efficiency & Reductions in Final Demand: All Sectors (Excluding Transport) By: Tom Steward – Energy Policy Group, University of Exeter EPG Working Paper: 1501 Abstract: This paper maps the broad range of different policies which currently exist in the UK to support demand reduction or improve energy efficiency. The paper is not intended to be exhaustive in its detail of each policy, but give a broad overview of the policy landscape. It is designed to provide a comprehensive map of all major policy areas aimed at reducing consumption or improving efficiency across the

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  • Working Paper: Energy networks and distributed energy resources in Great Britain

    October 15, 2014

    Working Paper: Energy networks and distributed energy resources in Great Britain

    Energy networks and distributed energy resources in Great Britain By: Matthew Lockwood – Energy Policy Group, University of Exeter EPG Working Paper: 1406 Abstract: This paper examines the rules and incentives governing electricity, gas and heat networks in Great Britain from the perspective of how far these facilitate or prevent a shift towards an energy system with more ‘distributed energy resources’, including flexible demand, local electricity generation and heat production, and energy storage. Much of the analysis focuses on electricity distribution network, where the greatest need for innovation is expected to lie. Most of the relevant rules

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  • Working Paper: Depoliticisation, Institutions and Political Capacity

    April 23, 2014

    Working Paper: Depoliticisation, Institutions and Political Capacity

    Depoliticisation, Institutions and Political Capacity: Explaining Sedate Energy Transition in the UK By: Caroline Kuzemko – Energy Policy Group, University of Exeter EPG Working Paper: 1405 Abstract: Depoliticisation, as a concept, has been utilised to explain specific aspects of economic governance as it has developed over the past thirty years, particularly in certain OECD countries. This paper recognises depoliticisation as reducing the role of state government in certain issues areas, but emphasises a range of different forms that this can take as well as some political consequences of these decisions. Using UK energy governance as an example,

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  • Working Paper: EU Climate Benchmarking

    April 9, 2014

    Working Paper: EU Climate Benchmarking

    EU Climate Benchmarking: Qualifications, Compromises and Compliance in the UK and Germany By: Caroline Kuzemko – Energy Policy Group, University of Exeter EPG Working Paper: 1404 Abstract: Taking a constructivist IPE approach this paper peers beneath, at least rhetorically committed, discourses on climate change and mitigation in international organisations through an examination of EU climate benchmarking practices. It poses questions about motivations for climate benchmarking, methods used to construct benchmarks and about compliance at the national level in Germany and the UK. An examination of the motivations behind climate benchmarks points, predictably, to the commitment to keeping

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  • Working Paper: The political dynamics of green transformations

    April 1, 2014

    Working Paper: The political dynamics of green transformations

    The political dynamics of green transformations: The roles of policy feedback and institutional context By: Matthew Lockwood – Energy Policy Group, University of Exeter EPG Working Paper: 1403 Abstract: Green transformations, including in energy policy, are likely to take several decades and so need to be sustained politically over long periods of time. A key factor in whether this happens or not is the political impact of policies, i.e. ‘policy feedback’, which is likely to depend partly on the design of policies. Policy design itself will be heavily influenced by prevailing policy paradigms, and the articulation between

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