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Mediterranean Basin

South Africa

The Fynbos, botanical hotspot: The Cape Floral Kingdom has the richest density of different plant species on earth.






Some Facts about Fynbos

  • Has around 7,000 plant species
  • Covers 80% of the Kingdom
  • Stretches for 46,000 sq.km. either side of the Cape

It was formed a million years ago from the ashes of drought stressed forests. The Fynbos is threatened by urban spread and development, uncontrolled fire, agriculture conversion and invasive alien tree species.
South Africa
Crops and Cultivation