The Northern Territory's Mining History:

a bibliography

General

Balfour, I.S. (comp.), 'Chronicle of Mines and Minerals Discovery in the Northern Territory', unpublished manuscript, Library of the Northern Territory Department of Mines and Energy, Darwin, no date.

Cameron, J.M.R., Atlas of Northern Australia, Northern Territory Department of Education, Darwin, 1982.

Carment, David, 'Mining, history and a landscape in central Australia: the Tennant Creek district, 1933-1955', in Northern Perspective, vol. 9, no. 1, July 1986, pp. 5-12.

Carment, D., History and the Landscape in Central Australia: a study of the material evidence of European culture and settlement, North Australia Research Unit, Australian National University, Casuarina, 1991.

Donovan, P.F., A Land Full of Possibilities; A History of South Australia's Northern Territory, University of Queensland Press, St Lucia, 1981.

Donovan, P.F., At the Other End of Australia: the Commonwealth and the Northern Territory, University of Queensland Press, St Lucia, 1984.

Harman, Elizabeth J. and Head, Brian W. (eds)., State, Capital and Resources in the North and West of Australia, University of Western Australia Press, Nedlands, 1981.

Harrison, Bob, Northern Territory in Focus 1994, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Northern Territory Office, Darwin, 1994.

Hartwig, M.C., 'The Progress of White Settlement in the Alice Springs District and its Effects upon the Aboriginal Inhabitants, 1860-1894', PhD Thesis, University of Adelaide, 1965.

Jones, T.G., Pegging the Northern Territory: a history of mining in the Northern Territory, 1870-1946, Department of Mines and Energy, Darwin, 1987.

Lockwood, D., 'Vast undeveloped Northern Territory could become great export centre', in Exports of Australia and New Zealand, Melbourne, July 1947, pp. 8-56.

Mumme, I.A., 'A history of mining in the Northern Territory: Lasseter's reef: fact or fiction?' Australian Lapidary Magazine, vol. 13, March 1977, pp. 19-29.

O'Faircheallaigh, Ciaran, 'Mining and economic development in Papua New Guinea and Australia's Northern Territory: an historical perspective', in The International Mining History Conference, St Hilda's College, The University of Melbourne, 27-30 August 1985.

Parbo, Sir Arvi, 'The mineral heritage: Northern Territory', in AusIMM Bulletin, no. 5, August 1990, pp. 38-41.

Powell, Alan, Far Country: A Short History of the Northern Territory, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1982.

South Australia, Department of Northern Territory, Record of Mining in the Northern Territory, Government Printer, Adelaide, 1900.

Minerals

Bauxite

Anon., 'Survey of Arnhem Land for bauxite', in Chronicle, 6 November 1952, p.4.

Anon., 'Bauxite-alumina project at Gove', in Australian Mining, vol. 63, December 1971, pp. 48-53.

Comalco Ltd., 'The history of Bauxite Mining and Aboriginal Integration', in Queensland Government Mining Journal, vol. 77, no. 902, December 1976, pp. 562-67.

Simper, E., 'The Gove alumina project', in Australian, 3 July 1972, pp. 10-13.

Sykes, T., 'Gove - our forgotten mine', in The Bulletin, 28 May 1977, p. 78.

Gold

Baume, F.E., Tragedy Track: the story of the Granites, Johnson, Sydney, 1933.

Brown, H.Y.L., Reports on Arltunga goldfield and Hart's Range mica field, Government Geologist, Adelaide, 1896.

Butler, Mark, Desert Gold: the search for Lasseter's Reef, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Marrickville, 1992.

Carment, David, Australia's Depression Gold Rush: Tennant Creek 1932-1936, Faculty of Arts, Northern Territory University, Darwin, 1991.

Conservation Commission of the Northern Territory, 'Mount Todd gold project: environmental assessment report and recommendations', Conservation Commission of the Northern Territory, Darwin, 1993.

Coronation Hill Joint Venture and Dames and Moore, 'Coronation Hill Gold, Platinum and Palladium Project: final environmental impact statement: supplement', Coronation Hill Joint Venture, 1989.

Dickinson, Janet, Litchfield's Gold: the Life of Fred Litchfield, Janet Dickinson, Darwin, 1988.

Donovan, P.F., 'Pine Creek -- Goldmine of the Top End', in The Top End. See Australia, vol. 4, no. 1, July 1981.

Forrest, P. and the Northern Territory Department of Community Development, 'Arltunga Reserve historic gold field: a report on a study of historic sites and materials', Department of Community Development, Darwin, 1981.

Forrest, P., 'White Range heritage sites cataloguing program: final report', White Range Gold NL, Darwin, 1989.

Haslehurst, David, 'Wooden-Spooner Goes for Gold: The Top End Beats its Handicap', in The Bulletin, 22 September 1987.

Holmes, K., 'The White Range settlement area, Arltunga Goldfield, NT: A look at the lifestyle of an isolated mining area using the written and archaeological record', Conservation Commission of the Northern Territory, March 1980.

Holmes, K., 'Arltunga: a minor goldfield in arid Central Australia', in Australian Journal of Historical Archaeology, vol. 7, 1989, pp. 43-49.

Holmes, Kate, 'Arltunga: A Remote Mining Settlement', PhD Thesis, University of Sydney, 1990.

Holmes, K. and Allwright, B., 'Winnecke's Depot goldfield: historical analysis', Darwin, January 1992.

Ivanac, The geology and mineral resources of the Tennant Creek goldfield, Northern Territory, Australian Bureau of Mineral Resources, Bulletin no. 22, Canberra, 1954.

Kennett, M.P., 'The Northern Territory Gold Fields, 1871-1874', BA Thesis, University of Adelaide, 1962.

Knapman, B. and Stanley, O., 'The economics of mining Coronation Hill', Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit, Canberra, 1992.

McCarthy, Justin, 'Would be diggers and old travellers, The Chinese at the Union Reefs and the Twelve Mile in the Northern Territory 1876-1910', in Trust News, Northern Territory, vol. 6, no. 2, June 1988, pp. 6-10.

Mulvaney, K. and Hermes, M., 'Coronation Hill Project Area archaeological survey 1987', Northern Territory Museum and Art Galleries Board, Darwin, 1988.

Mumme, L.A., 'A history of mining in the Northern Territory -- Part 1. Territory gold boom of the overland telegraph days', in Australian Lapidary Magazine, vol. 10, February 1974, pp. 4-9, 11-13.

Newman, G.M., The Northern Territory and Its Gold-Fields, Adelaide, 1875.

Northern Territory Department, Record of Mining in the Northern Territory, Adelaide, 1900.

Pearce, H., 'Arltunga Historical Reserve: White Range cultural heritage assessment, September 1986', Conservation Commission of the Northern Territory, Alice Springs, 1987.

Terry, Michael, Untold Miles, three gold-hunting expeditions, Selwyn and Blount, London, 1928.

Tweed, David, Cosmo Howley: A Short History of a Gold Mine, Dominion Mining Ltd, Sydney, 1989.

Zapopan N.L., 'Mount Todd gold project: draft environmental impact statement', Zapopan NL, Melbourne, 1992.

Mica

Hugo, David, 'Mica Mining in the Harts Range', Report to the National Trust of Australia (Northern Territory), Darwin, 1993.

Hugo, David, `Mica Mining at Harts Range, Central Australia, 1880s-1960: A Study of Ethnicity and the Impact of Isolation', Ph.D. thesis, Northern Territory University, 1996.

Joklik, G.F., The geology and mica fields of the Harts Range, Central Australia, Australian Bureau of Mineral Resources, Bulletin no. 26, Canberra, 1955.

Silver and lead

Hollingsworth Dames and Moore and Mount Isa Mines Limited, 'McArthur River project: draft environmental impact statement', Hollingsworth Dames & Moore, Brisbane, May 1992.

Tin

Mumme, I.A., 'A history of mining in the Northern Territory. Part 3. Discovery of tin and other mineral treasures', in Australian Lapidary Magazine, vol. 10, June 1974, pp. 11-13, 15-18.

Dermoudy, Peter, 'General history of Maranboy tinfield and detailed history of the government battery', in Trust News (Northern Territory), vol. 6, no. 4, November 1989, pp. 1-4.

Walpole, B.P., The Maranboy tinfield, Australian Bureau of Mineral Resources, Bulletin no. 37, Canberra, 1958.

Wolfram

Travers, M., 'History of Hatches Creek and Wauchope wolfram mining', in Trust News, (Northern Territory), vol. 4, no. 4, November 1987, pp. 1-5.

Travers, M., 'Hatches Creek and Wauchope wolfram mines: a history and heritage assessment of physical remains', National Trust of Australia (Northern Territory), Darwin, 1988.

Ryan, G.R., The Geology and Mineral Resources of the Hatches Creek Wolfram Field, Northern Territory, Australian Bureau of Mineral Resources, Bulletin no. 6, Canberra, 1962.

Sullivan, C.J., Wauchope wolfram fields, Northern Territory, Australian Bureau of Mineral Resources, Bulletin no. 4, Canberra, 1952.

Energy sources

Uranium

Aminco and Associates Pty Ltd., 'The background to Nabarleck: a summary report on Uranium in Australia', paper prepared for the Northern Land Council, March 1975.

Annabell, R., 'Something rum about this jungle', in Australasian Post, 22 October 1953, pp. 16-17.

Annabell, R., 'They mine uranium ore at Rum Jungle: atom age in aboriginal territory', in Trade Review of the Swedish Chamber of Commerce for Australia, New Zealand and South Sea Islands, Sydney, March 1954, pp. 74-81.

Annabell, R., 'Rum Jungle: they mine uranium in Aboriginal territory', in Exports of Australia, Melbourne, April-May 1954, p. 14.

Annabell, Ross, The Uranium Hunters, Rigby, Adelaide, 1977.

Anon., 'Rum Jungle', in Pix, 26 July 1952, pp. 26-29.

Anon., 'Two new uranium areas: one in S.A., one in N.T., Chronicle, 21 August 1952, p. 3.

Anon., 'Northern Territory uranium', in Industrial and Mining Review, September 1952, p. 18.

Australian Atomic Energy Commission, Facts about uranium mining in the Northern Territory, Australian Atomic Energy Commission, Sydney, 1953.

Anon., 'Rum Jungle', in Sphere, London, 24 October 1953, p. 142.

Anon., 'Rum Jungle to be open cut', in Inside Canberra: a privately circulated weekly review of Australian politics, Sydney, Eric White and Don Whitington, 8 April 1954, p. 5.

Anon., 'Rum Jungle uranium project opened', in Chemical Engineering and Mining Review, Melbourne, Tait Publishing Co., October 1954, pp. 3-6.

Anon., 'The glories of Narbalek', in Rydge's, vol. 43, October 1970, pp. 65-66.

Anon., 'Rum Jungle, the hidden store of uranium', in Australia's Heritage, vol. 7, part 91, 1972, pp. 2176-79.

Australian Atomic Energy Commission, Rum Jungle Project: a report on the Uranium mining and treatment industry established by the Commonwealth government at Rum Jungle, and its contribution to the development of the Northern Territory of Australia, Australian Atomic Energy Commission, Sydney, 1963.

Bajkpwski, Eugene, 'Nabarlek makes Australia major uranium power', in The Bulletin, 26 September 1970, p. 58.

Barter, Leith, 'The 1950s Uranium Boom in the Northern Territory', in Journal of Northern Territory History, no. 2, 1991.

Energy Resources of Australia Ltd., 'Ranger and the environment: an update', Energy Resources of Australia, Sydney, 1988.

Fisher, N.H. and Sullivan, C.J., 'Uranium exploration by the Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, in the Rum Jungle province, Northern Territory, Australia', in Economic Geology, Lancaster, U.S.A., December 1954, pp. 826-36.

Hungerford, T.A.G., 'Uranium and Rum Jungle', in Ford News, Sydney, Hastings Deering Service, April 1955, pp. 57-63.

Kirkwood, D., 'Uranium giant stirs. Part 1. The legend, the fact and the future at Mt Brockman', in Australian Financial Review, 16 July 1973, pp. 1, 14; 'Uranium giant stirs. Part 2. Northern miners no match for rampaging buffalo and tourists', in Australian Financial Review, 17 July 1973, pp. 16-17;'Uranium giant stirs. Part 3. Aboriginal life faces crisis with coming of the miners', in Australian Financial Review, 18 July 1973, p. 16 ;'Uranium giant stirs. Part 4. Northern uranium tempo heats up', in Australian Financial Review, 19 July 1973, p. 10; 'Uranium giant stirs. Part 5. Government interest two-pronged for miners', in Australian Financial Review, 20 July 1973, p. 31.

Macmillan, Nance, 'This is Rum Jungle', in The New Australasian Post, Melbourne, 10 July 1952, pp. 20-21.

Shepherd, Shirley, `Uranium Mining at Sleisbeck', in Journal of Northern Territory History', no. 8, 1997, pp. 34-44.

Ullmann, B., 'Australia's Rum Jungle', in Australian Catholic Digest, Melbourne, Advocate Press, 1 January 1953, pp. 1-4.

Other minerals

Sullivan, C.J. and Opik, A.A., Bulletin no. 8: Ochre deposits, Rumbalara, Northern Territory, Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Australia, Melbourne, 1951.

Associated social history

General

Alford, B., 'The Douglas/Daly region of the Northern Territory: a history overview of the period', National Trust of Australia (Northern Territory), Darwin, 1990.

Aschmann, Homer, H., 'Amenities in the new mining towns of North Australia', in North Australian Research Bulletin, no. 5, 1979.

Barter, Leith, 'The Social, Economic and Political Impact of North Australian Mining between 1918 and 1939', unpublished research paper, University College of the Northern Territory, Darwin, 1988.

Campbell, Fiona, 'A forgotten Empire', in Heritage Australia, vol. 5, no. 4, Summer 1986, pp. 35-38.

Carment, D., 'European settlement in a remote region: the Tennant Creek district', in Heritage Australia, Summer 1984, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 65-69.

Carment, David, 'Tennant Creek: From Gold to Copper', in Coupe, Sheena (ed.), Frontier Country: Australia's Outback Heritage, Weldon Russell, Sydney, 1989, vol. 2.

Carment, David, `Mining, Race and Politics of the North Australian Frontier: The Tennant Creek Gold Rush, in Tenfelde, Klaus (ed.), Towards a Social History of Mining in the 19th and 20th Centuries, Papers presented to the International Mining History Congress Bochum, Federal Republic of Germany, September 3rd-7th, 1989, C.H. Beck, Munich, 1992, pp. 242-253.

Donovan, P.F., 'Pine Creek and district: a history', unpublished manuscript, November 1979.

Forrest, P., 'Some aspects of historical archaeology in northern Australia', in Industrial and Historical Archaeology: a seminar held at Goulburn NSW in February 1977, National Trust of Australia (NSW), Sydney, 1981, pp. 14-16.

Harlow, Sue, 'A Social History of Mining at Maranboy, Northern Territory, 1913-1962', BA (Hons) thesis, Northern Territory University, 1992.

McCarthy, J. and Associates, 'Pine Creek heritage zone: archaeological survey', National Trust of Australia (Northern Territory), Darwin, April 1986.

McCarthy, J., 'Would-be diggers & old travellers, the Chinese at the Union Reefs and the Twelve Mile in the Northern Territory, 1876-1910', National Trust of Australia (Northern Territory), Darwin, 1989.

Mumme, L.A., 'A history of mining in the Northern Territory -- Part 2. The influx of Chinese miners', in Australian Lapidary Magazine, vol. 10, May 1974, pp. 9-18.

O'Brien, V.T., 'Cemeteries of yesteryear', in Trust News (Northern Territory), vol. 4, no. 3, August 1987, pp. 1-3.

Tamblyn, Mary, Mines, money and men: top end mining 1895-1921, Historical Society of the Northern Territory, Darwin, 1990.

Von Strumer, J.R., 'Social impact of uranium mining on the Aborigines of the Northern Territory: guidelines for present and future research', Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra, 1980.

Zeman, M. and Blakeman, B., 'Recording Northern Territory mining heritage', in Cartography, vol. 15, no. 1, March 1986, pp. 20-25.

Equipment and structures

Anon., 'Number one battery, Tennant Creek', in Northern Territory Trust News, vol. 4, no. 1, February 1987, p. 10.

Dermoudy, P., 'General history of Maranboy tinfield and detailed history of the government battery', in Trust News (Northern Territory), vol. 6, no. 4, November 1989, pp. 1-4.

Harvey, Jim, 'Mine tramways at the Top End', in Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, vol. 42, no. 642, April 1991, pp. 86-93.

O'Faircheallaigh, Ciaran, Mine Infrastructure and Economic Development in North Australia, Australian National University North Australia Research Unit, Darwin, 1987.

People and organisations

Brass, Ken, 'The people of the Tanami', in Australian Geographic, no. 30, April/June 1993.

Dickinson, Janet, Litchfield's Gold: the Life of Fred Litchfield, Janet Dickinson, Darwin 1988.

Senycia, Paul, 'Governmental geological organisations. Part 7: The Department of Mines and Energy, Northern Territory: the Northern Territory Geological Survey', in PESA Journal, no. 13, September 1988, pp. 23-24.

Heritage surveys

Bell, P., `Pine Creek', National Trust of Australia (Northern territory), Adelaide, 1983.

Dermoudy, P., 'A survey of historic European sites at Maranboy', National Trust of Australia (Northern Territory), Darwin, June 1989.

Forrest, P. and the Northern Territory Department of Community Development, 'Arltunga Reserve historic gold field: a report ... on a study of historic sites and materials', Department of Community Development, Darwin, 1981.

Forrest, P., 'White Range heritage sites cataloguing program: final report', White Range Gold NL, Darwin, 1989.

Travers, M., 'Hatches Creek and Wauchope wolfram mines: a history and heritage assessment of physical remains', National Trust of Australia (Northern Territory), Darwin, 1988.