The Cornish in Latin America

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Below is a select bibliography of titles providing historical background to Cornwall and Latin America in the period of the first industrial revolution. In addition there are a selection of articles and books that provide an overview of C18th-19th industrialisation and migration. This bibliography is intended to provide a wide range of source materials that you may consult in order to gain a further insight into the migration of the Cornish to Latin America.


C18th-19th industrialisation and migration

Baines, D., Migration in a Mature Economy and Internal Migration in England and Wales, 1861-1900, Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Baines, D., Emigration from Europe, 1815-1930, Cambridge, 1995.

Burke, G., ‘The Cornish diaspora of the nineteenth century’, in Marks S. and Richardson, P. (eds.), International Labour Migration: Historical Perspectives, London, 1984, pp. 57-75.

Hudson, P., (ed.), Regions and Industries: A Perspective on the Industrial Revolution in Britain, Cambridge, 1989.

Hudson, P., The Industrial Revolution, London, 1992.

Jenks, L., The Migration of British Capital to 1875, Second Edition, London, 1971.

Kanefsky J., and Robey, J., ‘Steam engines in 18th Century Britain’, Technology and Culture 2, 1980, pp. 176-177.

Martineau, H., A History of the Thirty Year’s Peace, 1816-1846, 2 Volumes, London, 1877.

Mathias, P., The First Industrial Nation: An Economic History of Britain 1700-1914, Second Edition, London, 1983.

Pollard, S., ‘Industrialisation and the European Economy’, Economic History Review XXVI. 4, 1973, pp. 636-648.

Richards, E., ‘The Margins of the Industrial Revolution’ in O’Brien P., and Quinault, R., (eds.), The Industrial Revolution and British Society, Cambridge, 1993, pp. 203-228.

Simonin, L., Underground Life of Mines and Miners, London, 1869.

Tunzelmann, G. N. von, ‘Technical Progress During the Industrial Revolution’, in Floud R.C. and McCloskey, D. (eds.), The Economic History of Britain since 1700, Cambridge, 1981, pp. 150-151.

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Barton, D.B., A History of Copper Mining in Cornwall and Devon, Truro, 1978. 

Barton, D.B., Essays in Cornish Mining History 1 and 2, Truro, 1968 and 1971.

Barton, D.B., The Cornish Beam Engine, Exeter, reprinted 1989.

Brooke, J., ‘Henric Kalmeter’s Account of Mining and Smelting in the South West in 1724-25’, Unpublished MPhil Thesis, University of Exeter, 1997.

Burke, G., ‘The Cornish Miner and the Cornish Mining Industry 1870-1921’, Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of London, 1981.

Burt, R., Cornish Mining: Essays on the Organisation of Cornish Mines and the Cornish Mining Economy, Newton Abbot, 1969.

Burt R., (Ed.), Cornwall’s Mines and Miners: Nineteenth Century Studies by George Henwood, Truro, 1972.

Burt R., John Taylor: Mining Entrepreneur and Engineer 1779-1863, Buxton, 1977.

Burt, R., Waite, P., and Burnley, R., Cornish Mines: Metalliferous and Associated Minerals 1845-1913, Exeter, 1987.

Burt, R., ‘The transformation of the non-ferrous metals industries in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries’, Economic History Review XLVII.1 ,1995, pp. 23-45.

Burton, A., Richard Trevithick: Giant of Steam, London, 2000.

Carter, C., Cornish Engineering 1801-2002: Holman, Two Centuries of Industrial Excellence in Camborne, Camborne, 2001.

Deacon B., ‘Proto-regionalisation: the case of Cornwall’, Journal of Local and Regional Studies 18:1, 1998b, pp. 27-41.

Deacon, B., ‘The reformation of territorial identity: Cornwall in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries’, Unpublished PhD Thesis, Open University, 2001.

Dixon, D.G., ‘The Results and Consequences of Technical Education: An Historical Case Study of Metalliferous Mining Education Prior to 1939 with Special Reference to the Camborne School of Mines and the Royal School of Mines’, Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Southampton, 1998.

Dickinson, H. W., and Titley, A., Richard Trevithick, the Engineer and the Man, Cambridge, 1934.

Earl, B., Cornish Explosives, Trevithick Society, Camborne, 1978.

French C., and Hosken, P., Trevithick, First in Steam 1801-2002, Camborne, 2001.

Halliday, F.E., A History of Cornwall, London, 1963.

Jenkin, A.K.H., The Cornish Miner, 1927, reprinted Newton Abbot, 1972.

Lean, T., On the Steam Engines in Cornwall, London 1839, reprinted Truro, 1969.

Newell, E., ‘The British Copper Ore Market in the Nineteenth Century, with particular reference to Cornwall and Swansea’, Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Oxford, 1988.

Payton, P., The Making of Modern Cornwall, Redruth, 1992.

Payton, P., ‘Cornish Emigration in Response to Changes in the International Copper Market in the 1860s’, Cornish Studies 3, 1995, pp. 60-82.

Payton, P., ‘”Reforming Thirties” and “Hungry Forties”: The Genesis of Cornwall’s Emigration Trade’, Cornish Studies 4, Exeter, 1996, pp. 107-127.

Payton, P., The Cornish Overseas, Fowey, 1999.

Perry R., ‘The Making of Modern Cornwall, 1800-2000: A Geo-Economic Perspective’, Cornish Studies 10, Exeter, 2002, pp. 166-189.

Price L.L., ‘West Barbary; or Notes on the System of Work and Wages in the Cornish Mines’, in R. Burt (ed.), Cornish Mining: Essays on the Organisation of Cornish Mines and the Cornish Mining Economy, Newton Abbot, 1969, pp. 111-206.

Rose, D., ‘Home Ownership, Subsistence and Historical Change: the Mining District of West Cornwall in the Late Nineteenth Century’, in Thrift N., and Williams, P. (eds.), Class and Space: the making of an urban society, London, 1987, pp. 108-153.

Rowe, J., Cornwall in the Age of the Industrial Revolution, reprinted St Austell, 1993.

Rule, J., ‘The Misfortunes of the Mine: Coping with Life and Death in Nineteenth-Century Cornwall, Cornish Studies 9, Exeter, 2001, pp. 127-144. 

Schwartz, S.P., ‘No Place for a Woman: Gender at Work in Cornwall’s Metalliferous Mining Industry’, Cornish Studies 8, Exeter, 2000, pp. 69-96.

Schwartz, S.P., ‘Exporting the Industrial Revolution: Trevithick and the Migration of British Steam-Engineering Technology to Latin America’, Journal of the Trevithick Society 28, 2001a, pp. 3-12.

Schwartz, S.P., ‘The Making of a Myth: Cornish Miners in the New World in the Early Nineteenth Century’, Cornish Studies 9, Exeter, 2001b, pp. 105-126.

Schwartz, S.P., ‘Exporting the Industrial Revolution: The Migration of Cornish Mining Technology to Latin America in the Early Nineteenth Century’, in Macpherson H. S. and Kaufman, W. (eds.), New Perspectives in Transatlantic Studies, New York, 2002a, pp.143-158.

Schwartz, S.P., ‘Cornish Migration Studies: An Epistemological and Paradigmatic Critique’ Cornish Studies 10, Exeter, 2002b, pp. 136-165.

Schwartz, S.P., 'Cornish Migration to Latin America: A Global and Transnational Perspective', Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Exeter, 2003.

Soulsby, I., A History of Cornwall, Chicester, 1986.

Thomas, H., Mining Interviews, Camborne, 1896.

Todd, A.C., The Search for Silver: Cornish Miners In Mexico, 1824-1947, Padstow, 1977.

Trevithick, F., Life of Richard Trevithick, 2 Volumes, London, 1872.

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Latin America

Adams, W., The Actual State of the Mexican Mines, and the Reasonable Expectations of the Anglo-Mexican Mine Association, London, 1825.

Captain Andrews, Journey from Buenos
Ayres through the Provinces of Cordova, Tucuman and Salta, to Potosi, thence by the Deserts of Caranja to Arica, and subsequently, to Santiago de Chili and Coquimbo, undertaken on behalf of the Chilian and Peruvian Mining Association 1825-26, 2 Vols, London, 1827.

Bastitas, E. A., Antofagasta: La Cuidad Herioca, Antofagsata, 1979.

Bernstein, M. D., The Mexican Mining Industry 1890-1950: A Study of the Interaction of Politics, Economics, and Technology, New York, 1964.

Billinghurst, G, Los capitales salitreros de Tarapacá, Santiago de Chile, 1889.

Blakemore, H., ‘A Purely Economic Interpretation is Dangerous’, in Hanke L. (ed.), History of Latin American Civilization: Sources and Interpretations, Vol. 2, The Modern Age, London, 1969, pp. 235-253. 

Blakemore, H., British Nitrates and Chilean Politics, 1886-1896, London, 1974.

Blakemore, H., From the Pacific to La Paz: the Antofagasta (Chili) and Bolivia Railway Company 1888-1988, Frome, 1990.

Boase, H. ‘On the Introduction of the Steam Engine to the Peruvian Mines’, Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 1, Truro, 1818, pp. 212-223.

Boussingault, J.B., Memorias, Volume 4, Colección Biográfica Banco de la República, Bogotá, 1985.

Bowman, I., Desert Trails of the Atacama, New York, 1924.

Brocklehurst, T.U., Mexico Today: A Country with a Great Future, London, 1883.

Bulnes, G., Guerra del Pacifico, 3 Vols, Valparaiso, 1911-1919.

Burton, I., The Romance of Isabel, Lady Burton, 2 Volumes, New York, 1897.

Burton, R.F., Explorations in the Highlands of Brazil, 2 Volumes, London, 1869.

Castle, W.F.M, Sketch of the City of Iquique, Chile during Fifty Years, Plymouth, 1887.

Caro, L., Venezuelan Gilt: Some South American Reminiscences, London, 1943.

Calderón, F., Life in México, London, 1843. 

Centner, C.W., ‘Great Britain and Chilean Mining, 1830-1914’, Economic History Review XII:1, 1942, pp. 77-8.

Collier, S., ‘Chile from Independence to the War of the Pacific’, in Bethell L. (ed.), The Cambridge History of Latin America, Vol. III, Cambridge, 1989 reprint, pp. 283-313.

Collier, S. and Sater, W.F., A History of Chile 1808-1994, Cambridge, 1996.

Culvert W., and Reinhart, C., ‘The decline of a mining region and mining policy: Chilean copper in the nineteenth century’, in Greaves T. and Culver, W., (eds.), Miners and Mining in the Americas, Manchester, 1985, pp. 68-81.

Davis, D.J., ‘British Football with a Brazilian Beat: The Early History of a National Pastime (1894-1933), in Marshall O. (ed.), English-Speaking Communities in Latin America, London, 2000, pp. 261-284.

Davies D.W., ‘Richard Trevithick in Costa Rica’, Journal of the Trevithick Society 5, 1977, pp. 7-26.

Dennis, W.J.,  Tacna and Arica: an account of the Chile-Peru boundary dispute and the arbitration of the United States, New Haven, 1931.

De Rivero, M.E. y Ustáriz, Colección de Memorias científicas, agrícolas e industriales, 2 Volumes, Brussels, 1857.

Díaz, M. E., The Virgin, the King, and the Royal Slaves of El Cobre: Negotiating Freedom in Colonial Cuba, 1670-1780, Stanford, 2000.

Disraeli, B., An Inquiry into the Plans, Progress, and Policy of the American Mining Companies, London, 1825.

Donald, M.B., ‘History of the Chile Nitrate Industry’, Annals of Science 1, 1936, pp. 29-47.

Donald, M.B., ‘History of the Chile Nitrate Industry’, Annals of Science 2, 1936, pp.193-216.

Dupont, S.C., De la production des  métaux précieux au Mexique, Paris, 1843.

Eakin, M., ‘The role of British capital in the development of Brazilian gold mining’, in Greaves T. and Culver, W., (eds.), Miners and Mining in the Americas, Manchester, 1985, pp. 11-30.

Eakin, M., British Enterprise in Brazil: The St John d’el Rey Mining Company and the Morro Velho Gold Mine, 1830-1960, London, 1989.

English, H., A General Guide to the Companies Formed for Working Foreign Mines, London, 1825.

Fausto, B., A Concise History of Brazil, Cambridge, 1999. 

Fenn, M.J., ‘British Investment in South America and the Financial Crisis of 1825-26,’ Unpublished MPhil Thesis, University of Durham, 1969.

Figueroa, P.P.,  Diccionario Biográfico de Estranjeros en Chile, Santiago de Chile, 1900.

Finn, J.L., Tracing the Veins: Of Copper, Culture and Community from Butte to Chuquicamata, Berkeley, 1998.

Fisher, J. R., Silver Mines and Silver Miners in Colonial Peru, 1776-1824, Monograph Series No. 7, Liverpool, 1977.

De la Fosse, K., Los Primeros Cien Años, Industria y Comercio Británicos en México: 1821-1921, México D.F., n/d.

Gámez, B., and Veláquez, R.V., ‘Proyectos Mineros Reino Unido: Pachuca, Real del Monte y Cornwall. Una Historia Común’, Refiejos de Europa en México: Estados Miembros de la Unión Europea y Paises Candidatos a su Adhesión, en México, Mexico City, 2002, pp. 145-147. 

Gillmore, Newton R., ‘British Mining Ventures in Early National Mexico’, Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of California, 1956.

Gooch, H., Mexico, the Country, History, and People, London, 1863.

Greenhill, R.G. and Miller, R., ‘The Peruvian Government and the Nitrate Trade, 1873-1879’, Journal of Latin American Studies 5:1, 1973, pp. 107-131.

Gregory, D., Brute New World: The Rediscovery of Latin America in the Early Nineteenth Century, London, 1992.

Gregory, M., ‘The Geology and Mineralisation of Minas Geraes, Brazil’, Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 17:8, 1948, pp. 476-492.

Hardy, O., ‘British Nitrates and the Balmaceda Revolution,’ Pacific Historical Review XXII, 1948, pp. 171-180.

Hardy, O., ‘British Nitrates and the Balmaceda Revolution’ Pacific Historical Review XVII, 1948, pp. 165-180.

Harvey, R., ‘Machinery for the Manufacture of Nitrate of Soda at the Ramirez Factory, Northern Chili’, Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall Vol. 9, 1889, pp. 276-284.

Helms, A.Z., Travels from Buenos Ayres by Potosí to Lima, London 1807.

Henwood, W.J., ‘On the Mining District of Chañarcillo in Chili’, Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8:1, 1871, pp. 169-153.

Humboldt, A. Von, Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain, 1810, 4 Volumes, London, 1811.

James, C.C., ‘Cornwall and Mexico’, Old Cornwall 4:1-12, 1943-1951, pp. 349-352.

Kiernan, V.G. ‘Foreign Interests in the War of the Pacific’, Hispanic American Historical Review 35, 1955, pp. 14-36.

Leay, W., New Granada, Equatorial South America, London, 1869.

Lynch, J., Spain Under the Habsburgs, Volume Two: Spain and America 1598-1700, Second Edition, Oxford, 1981.

Lyon, C.F., Journal of a Residence and Tour in the Republic of Mexico in the Year 1826, Volume 2, London, 1828.

Martin, P. F., Mexico’s Treasure-House, New York, 1906.

Mayo, J., ‘Commerce, credit and control in Chilean copper mining before 1880’, in Greaves, T and Culver, W. (eds.), Miners and Mining in the Americas, Manchester, 1985, pp. 29-48.

Mayo, J., British Merchants and Chilean Development, 1851-1886, Boulder, 1986.

Mayo, J., ‘The British Community in Nineteenth-Century Chile: Engagement and Isolation’, in Marshall O. (ed.), English Speaking Communities in Latin America, London, 2000, pp. 180-203.

Mayo, J. and Collier, S., Mining in Chile’s Norte Chico: Journal of Charles Lambert, 1825-1830, Boulder, 1998.

Miers, J., Travels in Chile and La Plata, 2 Volumes, London, 1826.

Miller, John., Memoirs of General Miller in the Service of the Republic of Peru, 2 Volumes, London, 1829.

Mineração Morro Velho Ltda., Morro Velho: História, Fatos e Feitos, Nova Lima, 1996.

Molina, J.I., Report on the Soil and Mineral Productions of Chile, London, 1825.

Mollien, G., Travels in the Republic of Colombia in the Years 1822 and 1823, London, 1824.

Morrell, W.P., The Gold Rushes, Second Edition, London, 1968.

Ober, F.A., Travels in Mexico and Life Among the Mexicans, London, 1887. 

O’Brien, T., ‘The Antofagasata Company: A Case Study of Peripheral Capitalism’, Hispanic American Historical Review 60:1, 1980, pp. 1-31.

Pederson, L.R., The Mining Industry of the Norte Chico, Chile, Evanston, 1966.

Powles, J.D., A Letter to Alexander Baring Esq. M.P. on the Subject of Some Observations Reported to Have Been Made by Him in the House of Commons on the 16th March, 1825, in Relation to the Foreign Mining Associations, London, 1825.

Prieto, C., Mining in the New World, New York, 1973.

Ramírez, N. H., La guerra civil de 1891: Antecedents económicos, Santiago de Chile, 1951.

Ramírez, N. H., Balmaceda y la contrarrevolutión de 1891, Santiago de Chile, 1958.

Randall, R. W., Real del Monte: A British Mining Venture in Mexico, Austin, 1972.

Rankine, M. E., 'The Mexican Mining Industry in the Nineteenth Century with Special Reference to Guanajuato', Bulletin of Latin American Research 2:1, 1992, pp. 29-48.

Rippy, J. F., 'Latin America and the British Investment “Boom” of the 1820’s', The Journal of Modern History, 1947, pp. 122-29.

Rippy, F.J, British Investments in Latin America, 1822-1949, Minneapolis, 1959.

Rodriguez, J.E., The Independence of Spanish America, Cambridge, 1998.

Russell, W.H., A Visit to Chile and the Nitrate Fields of Tarapacá, London 1890.

Sater, W. F., Chile and the War of the Pacific, Nebraska, 1986.

Semper E. and Michels, E., La industria del salitre en Chile, Santiago de Chile, 1908.

Turnbull, D., Cuba, London, 1840.

Ward, H.G., Mexico in 1827, 2 Volumes, London, 1829.

Young, O., Western Mining: An Informal Account of Precious-Metals Prospecting, Placering, Lode Mining, and Milling on the American Frontier from Spanish Times to 1893, Norman, 1970.

Young, V.G., The British in Mexico: Who They Were, Why They Came, What They Did, How They Lived, One, Mexico City, 1987.

Young, V.G.,  An Unlikely Quintet, Mexico City, 1988.

Young, V.G., A History of the Old British Cemetery at Tlaxpana 1825-1926, Seven, Mexico City, 1991.

Young, V.G.,  A History of British Mining in Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico, Eight, Mexico City, 1992. 

Veliz, C., ‘Egaña, Lambert, and the Chilean Mining Associations of 1825’, Hispanic American Historical Review 55, 1975, pp. 637-663.

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