This page list a variety of online and hardcopy publications addressing
biology weapons & codes of conduct (in part or
full); professional codes of conduct; and the
overall security threats posed by biological research.
British Medical Association (BMA). 1999. Biotechnology, Weapons and
Humanity. London: Harwood Academic Publishers.
Cournand 1977. ‘The Code of the Scientists’ Science 198: 699-705.
Dhanapala, Jayantha. 2003. ‘Defence Scientists Must Take an Ethical
Stance’ Financial Times 3 October.
Hedén, Carol-Göran. 1968. ‘Perspective on an Identity Card or Certificate for Scientists’ Scientific World 12 (4/5): 24-28.
Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War. 2004. Preventing a Biological
Arms Race NATO Defense College Conference on Future Challenges For
Non-Proliferation Instruments Rome, Italy 16-17 March.
Lester. 1998. 'A Code of Ethics on Arms R&D for Scientists and Engineers'
Presented at The Sixth ISODARCO Beijing Seminar on Arms Control 29 October-1
November Shanghai, China.
B. 2004. Towards a Life Science Code: Countering Threats from Biological
Society (UK). 2002. Response to Green Paper Strengthening the Biological
and Toxin Weapons Convention. London: Royal Society.
2003. 'Statement on Scientific Publication and Security' Science
Center. 2002. Compliance through Science: US Pharmaceutical Industry
Experts on a Strengthened Bioweapons Nonproliferation Regime September.
For further bibliographic information see:
Cash, M. 1987. ‘Codes of Ethics, Organizational Behaviour and Misbehaviour’ Research in Corporate Social Performance and Policy 9: 107-130.
Coady, M. and S. Bloch (eds). 1996. Codes of Ethics and Professions Sydney: Melbourne University Press.
Davis, M. 1998. Thinking Like an Engineer Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Doig, Alan and John Wilson. 1998. ‘The Effectiveness of Codes of
Conduct’ Business Ethics 7(3): 140-149.
Gotterbarn D. Not all codes are created equal. J Business Ethics 1999 22: 81-89.
Higgs-Kleyn, Nicola and Dimitr Kapelianis 1999. ‘The Role of Professional Codes in Regulating Ethical Conduct’ Journal of Business Ethics 19: 363-374.
Iverson, Margot, Mark Frankel and Sanyin Siage. 2003. ‘Scientific Societies and Research integrity’ Science and Engineering Ethics 9(2): 141-158.
Kaptein, Muel. 2004. ‘Business Codes of Multinational Firms’ Journal of Business Ethics 50: 13-31.
Kaptein, Muel and Johan Wempe. 1998. ‘Twelve Gordian Knots When Developing an Organizational Code of Ethics’ Journal of Business Ethics 517: 853-869.
Kristen Shrader-Frechette. 1994. Ethics of Scientific Research Lanham: Rowan & Littlefield.
Ladd, John ‘The Question for a Code of Professional Ethics’ in D. Johnson Ethical Issues in Engineering Prentice Hall 1991:130-136.
Luegenbiehl ‘Codes of ethics and the Moral Education of Engineers’ in D. Johnson Ethical Issues in Engineering Prentice Hall 1991:136- 154.
Macdonald, S. 1995. The Sociology of the Professions London: Sage.
Pels, P. 1999. 'Professions of Duplexity' Current Anthropology 40, 2, 101-114.
Reiser, Stanley and Ruth Bulger. 1997. ‘The Social Responsibilities of Biological Scientists’ Science and Engineering Ethics 3(2): 137-143.
Soskolne, Colin and Lee Sieswerda. 2003. ‘Implementing Ethics on the Professions’ Science and Engineering Ethics 9(2): 181-190.
Unger, Stephen. 1991. ‘Code of Engineering Ethics’ in D. Johnson Ethical Issues in Engineering Prentice Hall: 105-130.
Whitbeck, Caroline. 1995. ‘Teaching Ethics to Scientists and Engineers’
Science and Engineering Ethics 1(3): 299-308.
Alberts, B. 2002. 'Engaging in a Worldwide Transformation: Our Responsibility as Scientists for the Provision of Global Public Goods' Annual Meeting of the National Academy of Sciences (Washington, D.C.) April 29.
Alberts, B. & May, R. 2002. 'Scientists Support for Biological Weapons Controls' 8 Science November 2002:1135.
Albright, P. 2003. 'Scientific Openness and National Security' Presented at Meeting on National Security and Research in the Life Sciences National Academies and the Center for Strategic and International Studies (Washington, D.C.) 9 January.
2002. "Facing the Growing Threat of Biological Weapons" 42nd
Annual Meeting of the American Society for Cell Biology 14 December.
Dennis, C. 2001. The Bugs of War. Nature 17 May: 232-5.
Epstein, G. 2003. 'Addressing the Security Implications of National Research' Presented at Meeting on National Security and Research in the Life Sciences National Academies and the Center for Strategic and International Studies (Washington, D.C.) 9 January.
Epstein, G. 2001. 'Controlling Biological Warfare Threats' Critical
Reviews in Microbiology 27, 4, 321-354.
2002. Biological Weapons in the Twentieth Century: A Review and Analysis.
C. & P. Nightingale. 2005. Effective Action to Strengthen the
BTWC Regime: The Impact of Dual Use Controls on UK Science Bradford
Briefing Paper No. 17 (2nd Series). May.
Morse, S. 2003. 'Bioterror R&D' Presented at Meeting on National Security and Research in the Life Sciences National Academies and the Center for Strategic and International Studies (Washington, D.C.) 9 January.
Mullbacher, A. & Logbis, M. 2001. 'Creation of Killer Poxvirus Could have been Predicted' Journal of Virology September: 8353-5.
New Scientist. 2003. 'For Whose Eyes Only?' New Scientist 18
January, pg. 3.
Poste, G. 2003. 'The Life Science' Presented at Meeting on National Security and Research in the Life Sciences National Academies and the Center for Strategic and International Studies (Washington, D.C.) 9 January.
G. 2004.“Synthetic Biology: Charting Rational Public Policies For
the Oversight and Regulation of Vanguard Technologies”, ‘Presentation
at the Bio-design Institute ad Arizona State University’, 11th June
Sunshine Project. 2003. US
Army Patents Biological Weapons Delivery System, Violates Bioweapons Convention
8 May Austin, TX: Sunshine Project.
Wright, S. (ed) 1990.Preventing A Biological Arms Race Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
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