16   The "Clitter"


Cornu-Celtic twr, a tower or a towering mass (pronounced tar by the Moormen, which brings us pretty close to the Danish taarn), assume remarkably fantastic, not to say grotesque shapes, and these, curiously enough, are found apart from the ridge tops, in more or less solitary grandeur. Of these Bowerman's Nose on Hayne Down, near Manaton, and Vixen Tor, whose triple granite masses rise from the turf. almost at the very base of the hill in Walkham Valley, near Merivale Bridge, are the most remarkable. The former rises from- 

The "Clitter" 

(Celtic, clegyr, rock), which is the name given to the, collection of boulders and stones, the debris of what was formerly the higher part of the tor, the disintegration of the granite leaving this harder and indissolvable material strewn on the slopes and at the base of the tors in immense quantities. The "clitter" is a pretty general annexe to the "tor", wherever the latter may be found, and in instances these collections of granite blocks are as remarkable as the tors themselves, in some respects more so. At Fur Tor, in the most desolate part of the Moor, a little to the south of Cranmere Pool, we have a wonderful example of a great tor in process of disintegration, and furnishing a very wilderness of shattered and scattered rocks. The "clitters" at Mis Tor, just north of Merivale, in the west; those at Lether Tor, near the Burrator Reservoir, in the south-west (a tor with a wonderfully fine mountain-like contour, and a rock-covered peak and "clitters" that seem literally to support the tor on its east and south sides); and the mass of granite blocks which surrounds Hen Tor, in the south near Lee Moor, and resembles the crater of a volcano, are remarkable examples of this highly characteristic feature of the Dartmoor landscape.

Principal Elevations.

It is curious that the highest point on this great mountainous plateau, the apex of the Moor in fact,


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