Publications by Babbage
Based on Babbage's own list printed in Passages from the Life of a
Philosopher, corrected by A. W. Van Sinderen (Annals of the History of
Computing (1980), 2, no. 2, 169-85).We have followed Babbage in
including articles which he directly inspired, even though he was not the
- Memoirs of the Analytical Society; 1 Preface, in collaboration with
John Herschel, i-xxii; 2 on Continued Products, 1-31, Cambridge.
- `An Essay Towards the Calculus of Functions', Phil. Trans.
105, 389 423.
- `An Essay Towards the Calculus of Functions', Part II, Phil. Trans.
- `Demonstrations of Some of Dr. Matthew Stewart's General Theorems; To Which is
Added, An Account of Some New Properties of the Circle', Journal of
Science, 1, 6-24.
- S. F. LaCroix, An Elementary Treatise on the Differential and Integral
Calculus, Tr. Charles Babbage, John Herschel, and George Peacock,
Cambridge, J. Deighton.
- `Observations on the Analogy Which Subsists Between the Calculus of
Functions and the Other Branches of Analysis', Phil. Trans. 107,
- `Solutions of Some Problems by Means of the Calculus of Functions', Journal
of Science, 2, 371-79.
- `An Account of Euler's Method of Solving a Problem Relative to the Move of the
Knight at the Game of Chess', Journal of Science, 3, 72-7.
- `Note Respecting Elimination', Journal of Science, 3, 355-7.
- `On Some New Methods of Investigating the Sums of Several Classes of
Infinite Series', Phil. Trans. X, 09, 249-82.
- `Demonstration of a Theorem Relating to Prime Numbers', Edin. Phil. Jrl
- Examples to the Differential and Integral Calculus, in
collaboration with John Herschel and George Peacock. Part 111, `Examples of the
Solutions of Functional Equations', was by Babbage, Cambridge, J. Deighton.
- `An Examination of Some Questions Connected with Games of Chance',
Trans. Roy Soc. I din. 9, 153-77.
- `Observations on the Notation Employed in the Calculus of Functions,
Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 1, 63-76.
- `Barometrical Observations Made at the Fall of the Staubbach', in
collaboration with John Herschel, Edin. Phil. Jrl. 6, 224-7.
- `A Note Respecting the Application of Machinery to the Calculation of
Astronomical Tables', Mem. Astron. Soc. 1, 309.
- `A Letter to Sir Humphry Davy, Bart. PRS, on the Application of Machinery to
the Purpose of Calculating and Printing Mathematical Tables', J. Booth,
- `Observations on the Application of Machinery to the Computation of
Mathematical Tables', Mem. Astron. Soc. 1, 311-14.
- `On the Theoretical Principles of the Machinery for Calculating Tables',
Edin. Phtl. Jrl. 8, 122-8.
- `On the Application of Analysis to the Discovery of Local Theorems and
Porisms', Trans. Roy. Son. Edin. 9, 337-52.
- Scriptores Optici; or, A Collection of Tracts Relating to Optics,
edited in collaboration with Francis Maseres; preface by Babbage. Baldwin,
Craddock & Joy, London.
- `Observations on the Measurement of Heights by the Barometer', Edin.
Jrl. Sci. 85-7.
- `Rates of the Protector Life Assurance Company', privately printed, London.
- `Account of the Repetition of Mr. Arago's Experiments on the Magnetism
Manifested by Various Substances During the Act of Rotation', in collaboration
with John Herschel, Phil. Trans. 115, 467-96.
- `On a New Zenith Micrometer', Mem. Astron. Soc. 2, 101-3.
- A Comparative View of the Various Institutions for the Assurance of Lives,
J. Mawman, London.
- `On a Method of Expressing by Signs the Action of Machinery', Phil. Trans.
- `On Electrical and Magnetic Rotations', Phil. Trans. 116,
- `On the Determination of the General Term of a New Class of Infinite Series',
Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 2, 217-25.
- `Diving Bell', Encyclopaedia Metropolitana, 18, 157 -67.
- `On the Influence of Signs in Mathematical Reasoning', Trans. Camb.
Phil. Soc. 2, 325-77-
- `Notice respecting some Errors Common to many Tables of Logarithms', Mem.
Astron. Soc. 3, 65-7.
- `Evidence on Savings Banks, before a Committee of the House of Commons',
Reports from the Committees of the House of Commons, III, 1826-7,
- Table of Logarithms of the Natural Numbers from 1 to 108000, J. Mawman,
- `Account of the Great Congress of Philosophers at Berlin on the 18th
September 1828', Edin. Jrl. Sci. 10, 225-34.
- `A Letter to the Right Hon. T. P. Courtenay, on the Proportionate Number of
Births of the Two Sexes under Different Circumstances', Edin. Jrl. Sci.
NS, 1, 85-104.
- `On the General Principles which Regulate the Application of Machinery to
Manufacture and the Mechanical Arts', Encyclopaedia Metropolitana,
- `Notation', Edinburgh Encyclopaedia, 15, 394-9.
- `Porisms', op. cit.,17, 106-14.
- Reflections on the Decline of Science in England, and some of its
Causes, (dedicated to `a nobleman', probably Lord Ashley, later Earl of
Shaftesbury) B. Fellowes, London.
- Sketch of the Philosophical Characters of Dr. Wollaston and Sir Humphry
Davy, B. Fellowes, London.
- `Mathematical Questions,' Mathematical Repository, New Series,
5, 51, 63-4, 66-7, 71-2, 178-80.
- `Sur l'emploi plus ou moins frequent des memes lettres dans les
differentes langues', (in a letter to L. A. J. Quetelet), Corr.
mathematique et physique, 7, 135-7
- Specimen of Logarithm Tables (21 vols.): two pages from Babbage's
edition of the logarithmic tables printed in many different coloured inks on
many different colours and shades of paper - a single copy was printed (now in
the Crawford Library), B. Fellowes, London.
- Table of Logarithms of the Natural Numbers from 1-108,000, on Different
Coloured Papers, single copy printed (28 volumes are now in the Crawford
Library. Babbage said 35 were originally printed), B. Fellowes, London.
- `On the Advantage of a collection of Numbers, to be Entitled the Constants
of Nature and Art', Edin. Jrl. Sci. NS6, 334-40. (Expanded versions of this
paper were later published in: Compte Rends des Travaux du Congres General
de Statistique, 1835, 222-30, Bruxelles; and The Annual Report of the
Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, 1856, 289-302).
- On the Economy of Machinery and Manufactures, Charles Knight, London.
A second and third edition were published in 1832, and a fourth edition with
index in 1835; translated into French, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian, and
Swedish. (In 1833 three chapters were published as a pamphlet, On Currency,
on a Near System of Manufacturing, and on the Effect of Machinery on Human
Labour, Charles Knight, London; a further extract was published in 1899 as
How to Invent Machinery, ed. William H. Atherton, Manchester.)
- A Word to the Wise, John Murray, London. (reprinted in 1856 and
subtitled: Observations on Peerage for Life.)
- Abstract of a Paper Entitled: `Observations on the Temple of Serapis at
Pozzuoli; with Remarks on Certain Causes which May Produce Geological Cycles
of Great Extent' (full paper published in 1847), Richard Taylor, London.
- `Une lettre a M. Quetelet de M. Ch. Babbage relativement a la machine a
calculer', . Acad. Roy. Bruxelles, Bulletins, 2, 123-6.
- `Letter from Mr. A. Sharp to Mr. J. Crosthwait, Hoxton, Feb. 2, 1721-2,
Decyphered by C. Babbage, Esq. From the Original Letter in Shorthand'; in An
Account of the Revd John Flamsteed, the First Astronomer-Royal, 348, by
Francis Baily, Admiralty, London.
- The Ninth Bridgewater Treatise; A Fragment, John Murray, London.
2nd. ed. 1838.
- `On the Mathematical Powers of the Calculating Engine' (Ms. in Museum of
History of Science, Oxford); published 1973, Brian Randell (ed), The
Origins of Digital Computers, 17-52, Springer.
- `On Impressions in Sandstone Resembling Those of Horses' Hoofs', Proc.
Geol Soc. 2, 439.
- `Letter from Mr. Babbage to the Members of the British Association for the
Promotion of Science', Richard Clay, London.
- `Notions sur la Machine Analytique de M. Charles Babbage' (by L.
F. Menabrea), Bibliotheque Universelle de Geneve, 41, 352-76; tr. with
additional notes by Ada Lovelace as `Sketch of the Analytical Engine', (1843)
Scientific Memoirs, iii, 666-731. (On page 373 of the Menabrea
paper le cas n = [infinity], was misprinted as le cos n = [infinity]. Ada translated
this as `when the cos of n = [infinity]`, which is nonsense.).
- `Statement of the Circumstances Respecting Mr. Babbage's Calculating
Engines' (by Sir Harris Nicolas), privately printed, London.
- `Statement of the Circumstances attending the Invention and Construction of
Mr. Babbage's Calculating Engines', Phil. Mag. 23, 234-5.
- `Addition to the Memoir of M. Menabrea on the Analytical Engine', Ibid,
- `Description of the Boracic Acid Works of Tuscany'; Handbook for Travellers
in Central Italy, 178-9, John Murray, London.
- `On the Principles of Tools for Turning and Planing Metals'; in Turning
and Mechanical Manipulation, by Charles Holtzapffel, 2, 984-7,
- `Observations on the Temple of Serapis at Pozzuoli, Near Naples', Taylor,
- `The Planet Neptune and the Royal Astronomical Society's Medal', The Times,
- Thoughts on the Principles of Taxation with Reference to a Property
Tax, and its Exceptions, John Murray, London. 2nd ed.1851; 3rd ed. 1852.
- `Laws of Mechanical Notation', privately printed, London.
- The Exposition of 1851; or Views of the Industry, the Science, and the
Government o/England, John Murray, London.2nd ed. 1851.
- `Notes Respecting lighthouses', privately printed, London.
- `Note Respecting the Pink Projections from the Sun's Disc Observed during
the Total Solar Eclipse in 1851', Monthly Notices Astron. Soc.
- `On the Statistics of Lighthouses', Compte Rends des travaux du Congres
Generals de Slatistique, 230-7, Bruxelles.
- `Report on the Opthalmoscope', (by T. Wharton Jones), British and
Foreign Medical Rev. 14, 425-32.
- `Mr. Thwaites's Cypher', Jrl. Soc. Arts, 90, 663-4,
93, 707-8, 95, 732-3, 98, 776-7.
- `Submarine Navigation', Illustrated London News, 749,
- `On the Possible Use of the Occulting Telegraph at Sebastapol', The
Times, 16 July, 6 f
- `A Method of Laying the Guns of a Battery Without Exposing the Men to the Shot
of the Enemy', Illustrated London News, no.757, 210.
- `Sur la machine suedoise de MM. Scheutz pour calculer les tables
mathematiques', Comptes rendus hebdomadaires, 41, 557-60,
Academie des Sciences, Paris.
- `Cypher Writing', Jrl. Soc. Arts, 159, 40-1.
- `Scheutz's Difference Engine and Babbage's Mechanical Notation' (by Henry
Babbage), Proc. Inst. Civil Eng. 15, 497-514. Also published as
- `On the Action of Ocean Currents in the Formation of the Strata of the Earth',
Quart. Jrl. Geol. Soc. 12, 366-8.
- `Analysis of the Statistics of the Clearing House During the Year 1839',
Jrl. Stat. Soc. 19, 28-48. Also published as a separate pamphlet.
- Observations Addressed at the Last anniversary to the President and
Fellows o/'the Royal Society, John Murray, London.
- `Table of the Relative Frequency of Occurrence of the Causes of Breaking
of Plate Glass Windows', Mechanics Mag. 66, 82.
- `Observations on the Discovery in Various Localities of the Remains of
Human Art Mixed with the Bones of Extinct Races of Animals', Proc. Roy.
Soc. 10, 59-72.
- `On Easily Recognisable Signs in Drawings', Proc. Fourth International
Statistical Congress, 380, London.
- `Letter to Dr. Farr, on the Origin of the International Statistical
Congresses', Proc. Fourth International Statistical Congress, 505-7,
- Passages on the Life of a Philosopher, Longman, Green, London. (`A
Chapter on Street Nuisances' was published by John Murray prior to publication
of the book.)
- Thoughts upon an Extension of the Franchise, Longman, Green,
- `Observations on the Parallel Roads of Glen Roy', Quart. Jrl. Geol.
Soc. 24, 273-7.
- `History of the Analytical Engine' (incomplete), published posthumously
with additions by Henry Prevost Babbage as Babbage's Calculating
Engines, Spon, London.
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Maintainer & date: R.A.Hyman@ex.ac.uk
October 01, 1996